Forest Carbon, Markets and Communities (FCMC) program : REDD+ Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Manual


The purpose of this manual is to provide an overall review of data, models, techniques and accounting methods that should, or could, be part of MRV program for REDD+. This manual is intended for multiple audiences, including those responsible for planning and implementing a MRV system within a national or sub-national agency, as well as managers and technicians responsible for designing a sub-component of a MRV system, or involved in MRV at sub-national levels including sub-national jurisdictions or site-level initiatives. 


The MRV manual covers a range of fundamental issues for a national MRV system. It provides valuable guidance on non-technical aspects of building a system, including: specific information on national arrangements; reporting to the UNFCCC; capacity-building considerations; staffing; and levels of expertise. In the more technical areas of GHG inventories, field-based inventories and remote sensing of land use, the manual provides general overviews, but also discusses many important points in detail. 


The Summary for Policymakers complements the manual and is intended for policymakers who require a general understanding of the components and major considerations for a MRV system. It provides an overview by introducing key MRV concepts and essential components, as well as brief summaries of important institutional, methodological, and capacity-building considerations.


This e-mail is intended to disseminate information and/or results from FCMC. A number of reports and documents are already available under “Resources” at Although FCMC is funded by USAID, the content of this email, as well as the documents found on the FCMC website, do not necessarily represent an official policy or position of the US government in general, nor USAID in particular.



For more information regarding FCMC's work on MRV, contact Marc Steininger at m.steininger(at)


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