March 3, 2017: World Wildlife Day - Working Together for Congo Basin Wildlife





Working Together for Congo Basin Wildlife - We can all do something in favour of the Congo Basin wildlife…

Global efforts to protect wildlife are gathering force



World Wildlife Day is on March 3 every year to raise awareness of endangered animals and plants, and ways to fight against wildlife crime. World Wildlife Day will be celebrated in 2017 under the theme “Listen to the Young Voices.” Given that almost one quarter of the world’s population is aged between 10 and 24, vigorous efforts need to be made to encourage young people, as the future leaders and decision makers of the world, to act at both local and global levels to protect endangered wildlife. Read more …



Elsevier: High-value natural resources: Linking wildlife conservation to international conflict, insecurity, and development concerns


Globally the wildlife trade is one of the most attractive and profitable of all the illicit trades -The wildlife trade can directly encourage or finance civil conflict and insecurity - Strong wildife industries can foster weak economic development or exposure to price shocks -interventions will benefit from an understanding of wildlife as high-value natural resources… Find out more…



National Geographic: Using Technology to Combat Wildlife Crime – Voices for Wildlife


Back in 2012, I worked with World Wildlife Fund to cover a story on the link between wildlife crime and terrorism. I spent time with rangers in both West and East Africa and then followed the trade networks into China and Thailand. At the time, the loss of both wildlife and human life was spiraling out of control. Four years later, the situation has escalated. In March of this year I went back to East Africa, this time to the Maasai Mara, to see first-hand how the battle against poachers and wildlife crime had evolved.


In an attempt to level the playing field, WWF is working with thermal imaging camera manufacturer FLIR to develop a new anti-poaching system – one that combines thermal imaging cameras and human detection software. This is one of the first times this technology has been used outside of the military and law enforcement, to protect wildlife. Find out more…



International Conference on Wildlife Trafficking in Africa

December 2013 -Gaborone I: International agreement on African elephants tops agenda at Botswana Summit-

December 2013 -  France-Africa Summit Declaration on the Illegal wildlife Trafficking

February 2014 – London Declaration on the Illegal Wildlife Trade

 March 2015 Gaborone II (Botswana) - African Elephant Summit

May 2015 - Africa adopts a strategy on wildlife following the Brazzaville

March 2016 – Adoption of the Africa implementation Masterplan tot he African Strategy to combat Wildlife Trafficking



Congo Basin Partners’ efforts to protect wildlife

Clear vision alongside effectual management methods is required in order to guarantee the long-term survival of wildlife wherever it occurs. This means there is a need to integrate approaches as wide-ranging as those ensuring the integral protection of iconic species throughout their distribution range, those protecting areas for safeguarding a full set of representative taxa, as well as those permitting the sustainable use of more resilient species.



United For Wildlife

United For Wildlife: United for Wildlife was created by The Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry. Led by The Duke of Cambridge, our campaign unites the world’s leading wildlife charities under a common purpose: to create a global movement for change. Find out more…



European Union








United States of America

As the United States is one of the world’s major markets for both legal and illegal wildlife and wildlife products, the U.S. government has an important role to play in addressing wildlife trafficking.  ECW, as the designated lead for the Department´s role as co-chair of the Presidential Task Force on Wildlife Trafficking, coordinates inter-agency efforts to strengthen global enforcement, reduce the demand for illegal wildlife products, and expand international commitment across a range of multilateral, regional and bilateral forums.  ECW also coordinates the Department’s work to implement the END Wildlife Trafficking Act, signed into law in October 2016.. Find out more…

Useful links:  END Wildlife Trafficking Act - USAID Wildlife Trafficking Site - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Wildlife Trafficking Site - Department of Justice Wildlife Trafficking Site 





 Crime" Wildlife - Germany undertakes ...



 CITES: Successful operation highlights growing international cooperation to combat wildlife crime

Successful operation highlights growing international cooperation to combat wildlife crime



UN General Assembly Resolution on tackling illicit trafficking in wildlife


Japan-Russia: Japan and Russia increase penalties for wildlife crimes


China: China reflects upon UNGA resolution against illicit wildlife crime


UK: The UK Commitment to Action on the Illegal Wildlife Trade (IWT) - an update - March 2015


TRAFFIC- TRAFFIC-COBRA initiative enhances partnership in fighting



ECCAS and COMIFAC Initiatives (PAPECALF (2012); PEXULAB (2013))


Central African Initiatives (PAPECALF (2012); PEXULAB (2013)) - Exploring the possibilities of developing a "fast response mechanism", which would allow for the rapid mobilisation of resources and actions in response to poaching events


Plan d‘Action sous-régional des Pays de l‘Espace COMIFAC pour le renforcement de l‘Application des Législations nationales sur la Faune sauvage

2012-2017 (PAPECALF)


Un plan d’extrême urgence de lutte anti-braconnage (PEXULAB) pour protéger les éléphants des pays de la CEEAC adopté à Yaoundé


Plan d'action régional  pour la conservation des gorilles des plaines de l’Ouest et des chimpanzés d’Afrique centrale- 2015-2025



The success of the "Conservation, Biodiversity and poaching/bush meat" stream held during the last Facilitation (June 2015)


Conservation, Wildlife and Bushmeat – Central topic: “Conservation and sustainable use of wildlife” “How to optimize complementarity?” Chefs de file : AWF - CIFOR - WCS



The success of the "Conservation, Biodiversity and Wildlife" stream held during the last Facilitation (November 2016)


16th meeting of CBFP partners. Proceedings and documentation of Thematic Session-Stream 2 : Conservation and sustainable use of wildlife resources, including fight against Poaching and wildlife trafficking



in order to bring forward the discussion on the establishment of guidelines for the sustainable management of Wildlife, Bushmeat in Congo Basin.


  • Wildlife Trafficking in the more fragile trans-boundary areas, for example around the Garamba-Chinko, TNS or TRIDOM (Dja-Odzala-Minkebe Tri-National etc);



The Tri National Dja-Odzala-Minkébé (TRIDOM) is a 178,000 km² transborder forest spread over Cameroon, the Republic of Congo and Gabon. The Congo portion of TRIDOM contains some of the most pristine natural sites remaining in the Congo Basin, such as Odzala and Ntokou Pikounda National Parks. Find out more…










Different Ways of Seeing Species


 New tool to fight wildlife crime unveiled


Emerging Technologies: Smarter ways to fight wildlife crime


Reconciling Conservation and Development: Are Landscapes the Answer?


A global assessment of the social and conservation outcomes of protected areas





Wildlife: Conservation - Security - development

 High-value natural resources: Linking wildlife conservation to international conflict, insecurity, and development concerns

 We advocate that documenting and deconstructing the relationship between the wildlife trade and international crime, armed conflict, security, and development concerns within the context of our knowledge of other high-value natural resources has policy and management implications of great important in conservation practice....



The Final Round: Combating Armed Actors, Organized Crime and Wildlife Trafficking

 According to Nikhil Acharya and Arthur Mühlen-Schulte, the conflict between paramilitary poachers who traffic in “high value wildlife” and those trying to protect and conserve the environment is escalating. Worse yet, the violent collision between the two groups is now sustaining and fuelling regional instability....



European Commission - Fact Sheet. Questions and answers on the EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking

 Wildlife trafficking is one of the most profitable criminal activities worldwide generating between EUR 8 and EUR 20 billion annually. Organized criminal groups are poaching and smuggling millions of specimens of often highly endangered animals and plants to their customers, using professional equipment and sophisticated networks. ...



Wildlife Poaching and Insecurity in Africa

 This June in New York City’s Times Square, officials from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service were joined by law enforcement and celebrities for the second annual “ivory crush.” The event, in which several tons of illegal ivory seized by customs officials were publicly destroyed, was intended to send the message that the U.S. market is closed to the illicit ivory trade.  Yet these initiatives, while welcome, have limited impact on the global trade. ..



Wildlife Poaching: Africa's Surging Trafficking Threat - Africa Center for ..

A worldwide surge in poaching and wildlife trafficking is threatening to decimate endangered species. This crisis also threatens the security of human beings in ways ignored until recently by decision-makers slow to treat what has typically been viewed as a ‘conservation issue’ as serious crime.



Poaching, Wildlife Trafficking and Security in Africa: Myths and ... - RUSI

An immediate bolstering of Africa’s wildlife ranger network is needed to slow the pace of elephant and rhino killings and buy time. Addressing this threat over the longer term will require dramatically reducing the demand for these animal parts, especially within Asian markets.



Wild Laws: China and Its Role in Wildlife Trafficking newsecuritybeat 

According to wildlife experts who spoke at the Wilson Center in June, Chinese demand for wildlife products is driving a global trade in endangered species. “Today’s tiger farms are basically feedlots where tigers are bred like cattle to make luxury products, including tiger bone wine and tiger skin rugs,” said Judith Mills, author of the book, Blood of the Tiger: A Story of Conspiracy, Greed, and the Battle to Save a Magnificent Species. Some of these operations are run as entertainment centers, where a few well cared for animals perform for tourists. Meanwhile, behind the scenes, cats are crammed into small concrete cells, bred for slaughter.



FACT SHEET: Trade, Illegal Wildlife Trafficking, and National Security 

TRADE PROTECTS AMERICAN JOBS AND AMERICAN FAMILIES. The United States has negotiated trade agreements that protect American innovation and demand high standards for goods. The Obama Administration has made clear that we will go to the mat for our businesses and families.



English - Bonn International Center for Conversion

Wildlife and wildlife products constitute a high-value  ‘conflict resource: When trafficked together with small arms and light weapons (SALW), this resource proliferation reinforces a cycle of armed violence impeding development, eroding state institutions and  threatening community security.



Research Handbook on International Law and Natural Resources

Natural Resources, Conflict, and Conflict Resolution - United States ...

The international system has witnessed dramatic changes in the recent past. Developments around the globe and at home challenge us to rethink the role of the United States in the international community. What is our nation's place in this increasingly complex global picture? What can we do to nurture and preserve international security and world peace?



illicit wildlife trafficking: an environmental, economic and ... - UNEP

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon: “The environmental, economic and social consequences of wildlife crime are profound. Of particular concern are the implications of illicit trafficking for peace and security in a number of countries where organized crime, insurgency and terrorism are often closely linked.” UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, World Wildlife Day, March 2014



Environment, Conflict and Peacebuilding at IISD - International ...

Ivory poaching has evolved from a local and regional nuisance to a vexing global threat in need of immediate action. The ivory trade is one of the world’s largest illicit activities, funneling money to terrorist groups, creating instability, and bringing the world’s largest land mammal to near extinction. The African elephant population has plummeted and poaching rates have reached an all-time high driven by an insatiable Asian demand.






Toward a new understanding of the links between poverty and illegal .

Conservation organizations have increasingly raised concerns about escalating rates of illegal hunting and trade in wildlife. Previous studies have concluded that people hunt illegally because they are financially poor or lack alternative livelihood strategies. However, there has been little attempt to develop a richer understanding of the motivations behind contemporary illegal wildlife hunting. As a first step, we reviewed the academic and policy literatures on poaching and illegal wildlife use and considered the meanings of poverty and the relative importance of structure and individual agency.



Conservation and Human Rights: Key Issues and Contexts - IUCN

Actions to conserve nature and natural resources are closely related to the rights of people to secure their livelihoods, enjoy healthy and productive environments and live with dignity. The pursuit of conservation goals can contribute positively to the realization of many fundamental human rights.



Conflicts over Natural Resources in the Global South - Conceptual .

As in the case of all academic enterprises of this nature, we have incurred many debts while composing this volume. We are grateful first of all to The Nether-lands Organisation for Scientific Research, Science for Global Development division(NWO/WOTRO), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands and the CoCooN programme, which initiated seven projects in the field of conflict and cooperation over natural resources. The teams that are in charge of these research-cum-development projects have been our main source of inspiration and provided most of the contents of this volume.



The Illegal Trade In Wildlife Resources And The Implication For .

This study reflects a support system made up of several individuals who have supported me throughout this journey. I am deeply grateful to my supervisor, Dr. Kizito Sabala, for his consistent guidance, commitment and support. He was patient with me and pushed me to do better.


Transboundary Conservation in Southern Africa: Exploring conflict ...

Environmental conflicts: Key issues and .



From conflict to peacebuilding: The role of natural resources

This report discusses the key linkages between environment, conflict and peacebuilding, and provides recommendations on how these can be addressed more effectively by the international community. It has been developed in the context of UNEP’s mandate to “keep under review the world environmental situation in order to ensure that emerging environmental problems of wide international significance receive appropriate and adequate consideration by governments.”



Economic Incentives and Wildlife Conservation - Cites

Wildlife exploitation and conservation involves various costs and benefits, which should all be taken into account to achieve an optimal outcome. For this to occur, it will be necessary to develop appropriate economic instruments and incentives. Examining the scope for his is the topic of the current study.



A human security perspective

Conflicts in relation to natural resources occur through-out the world in a range of contexts, from rural to urban, and across a spectrum ranging from non-violent conflicts of interest to outright violence. These conflicts may be between specific user groups such as agriculturalists and pastoralists or humans and wildlife, or they may be in relation to the management or policy of a particular resource which is perceived as illegitimate and inequitable.



An ecosystem services framework to support both practical ...

Here, we provide a framework for anticipating win–win, lose–lose, and win–lose outcomes as a result of how people manage their ecosystem services. This framework emerges from detailed explorations of several case studies in which biodiversity conservation and economic development coincide and cases in which there is joint failure. We emphasize that scientific advances around ecosystem service production functions, tradeoffs among multiple ecosystem services, and the design of appropriate monitoring programs are necessary for the implementation of conservation and development projects that will successfully advance both environmental and social goals.


An Illusion of Complicity: Terrorism and the Illegal Ivory Trade ... - RUSI

THE ILLEGAL WILDLIFE trade is estimated to be worth between $7 billion and $23 billion annually. In East Africa, the poaching of iconic species such as elephants, and the sale of their ivory represent a significant part of this illicit trade. Tens of thousands of animals are slaughtered and trafficked out of the region for sale in East Asian markets every year. This provides a major source of income for organised crime networks across East Africa and beyond.


CITES and CBNRM - European Commission

Proceedings of an international symposium on “The relevance of CBNRM to the conservation and sustainable use of CITES-listed species in exporting countries”


Human-wildlife Conflict, Conservation Attitudes, and a Potential Role .

Protection of tropical biodiversity is often difficult due to persistent gaps in ecological data and complex conflicts between wildlife conservation and human livelihoods. To better understand the nature and extent of these conflicts, we conducted intercept surveys (n = 522) with local villagers around the Tiwai Island Wildlife Sanctuary in Sierra Leone (August - December, 2010). Results revealed high levels of crop depredation, retaliatory killing, and bushmeat harvesting in villages surrounding the protected area. We also found that pro-conservation attitudes were less prevalent among younger adults and immigrants to the region.



New perspectives in ecosystem services science as instruments to .

This article attempts to pinpoint the minimum level of detail that ES science needs to achieve in order to usefully inform the debate on environmental securities, and discusses both the state of the art and recent methodological developments in ES in this light. We briefly review the field of ES accounting methods and list some desiderata that we deem necessary, reachable and relevant to address environmental securities through an improved science of ES.


Conflict, Development and Security at the Agro–Pastoral–Wildlife Nexus

This article analyses the connections between conflict and development at the agriculture–pastoralism–wildlife interface from the perspective of human security. The article draws on empirical data (qualitative and quantitative) generated in Laikipia County, Kenya, and literature to illustrate that (1) the major issues which cut across each of these conflicts are related to natural resource management, cultural practices and governance, and (2) these cross-cutting issues impinge on people’s freedoms, extending these conflicts into cases of human insecurity. Specifically, each conflict type compounds the impacts of the others on farmer and pastoral economic, food, environmental, personal, community, health and political security.



Fighting illicit wildlife trafficking - Dalberg

The current global approach to fighting illicit wildlife trafficking is failing, contributing to the instability of society and threatening the existence of some illegally traded species. The governments and international organizations consulted on this issue agree that the current approach is not sufficient.



Hunters at the world's largest wildlife trade summit | FACE:

Should sustainable lion and elephant hunting be restricted or banned? Or should the world community better build on the success stories of legal hunting as a tool for wildlife conservation and poverty reduction? These and many other issues are up for discussion when the world’s largest wildlife trade summit is to be held from 24 September to 5 October in Johannesburg, South Africa.



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WWF: Rainforest deforestation more than doubled under cover of coronavirus -DW

Tropical rainforests shrank by 6,500 square kilometers in March — an area seven times the size of Berlin. Criminal groups are taking advantage of the pandemic and the unemployed are getting desperate, the WWF said.

Read more …

Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park Monthly update April 2020

"At a time when many countries are beginning their gradual deconfinement and when there is a glimmer of hope on the horizon of returning to normal life, I wanted to share with you some good news that also fills us with hope for the future of the Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park."

Read more …

Resources and follow-up from the virtual FAO-EcoAgriculture Partners Roundtable

Last April 30th FAO and EcoAgriculture Partners organized a virtual Roundtable on Territorial Perspectives for Development, in which over 170 people participated.

Read more …

ATIBT -CBFP: Private Sector mobilized around the CBFP Facilitator of the Federal Republic of Germany

ATIBT co-facilitated the mobilization of the private sector of the timber sector to participate in the first meeting of the private sector college of Congo Basin Forest Partnership with the new facilitator Dr Christian Ruck and his team German Facilitation.

Read more …

Development and institutionalization of a PAFC certification system for the Congo basin: opening of the second public consultation on Sustainable Forest Management Certification Standard, 23 May 2020 - 22 June 2020

This second public consultation will be open for a period of 30 days from tomorrow Saturday the 23rd of May 2020 and will be closed on Monday the 22nd of June 2020. The public consultation is open to all stakeholders of forest management in the Congo Basin interested in participating to the PAFC Congo Basin certification standards development process.

Read more …

Forest defenders on the COVID-19 frontline stand ready to assist the global EU response – Fern

These efforts go hand in hand with ensuring continued responsible management of natural resources and preventing unsustainably and illegally sourced forest commodities. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, forest-monitoring organisations Observatoire de la Gouvernance Forestière (OGF) and Réseau des observateurs indépendants des ressources naturelles (RENOI) are set to carry out COVID awareness-raising in at-risk forest areas, and will also assess COVID’s impact on forest management and governance commitments under the Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI). Across the Congo Basin, fears that a proper lack of oversight may put forests and forest peoples in danger are looming despite emerging initiatives.

Read more …

22 May 2020 International Day for Biological Diversity

The theme of the 2020 International Day for Biological Diversity is “Our Solutions are in Nature”. It shows that "Biodiversity remains the answer to a number of sustainable development challenges that we all face. From nature-based solutions to climate, to food and water security, and sustainable livelihoods, biodiversity remains the basis for a sustainable future."

Read more …

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