IISD-CIFOR Publication Explores Impacts of Land-Use Changes in Tropical Landscapes



February 2016: A new publication, titled ‘Agrarian change in tropical landscapes,' documents the results of a research project that explored what happens when significant environmental change occurs in forested tropical landscapes, primarily driven by agricultural development. Coordinated by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), a member of the CGIAR Consortium, the Agrarian Change project conducted in-depth studies of seven landscapes around the world that exhibit various scenarios of changing forest cover, agricultural modification, and integration with local and global commodity markets.



One of the central questions explored in the book is whether the drive to increase agricultural intensification, especially to meet global demand for food and agricultural commodities, justifies the wider costs linked to the rapid fragmentation of forest habitats. The Agrarian Change project tackles this issue by examining the socioeconomic outcomes, as well as the conservation, livelihood and food security implications of land-use change and agrarian change processes in multi-functional landscapes. Specifically, the study examines relationships between agricultural production and trade-offs or synergies with landscape components such as local food security, dietary diversity and nutrition levels, market access, tenure, local poverty, and biodiversity conservation.



The bulk of the publication is structured around seven chapters, corresponding to in-depth studies of forested landscapes in Ethiopia, Cameroon, Indonesia, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Zambia and Burkina Faso. Each case study chapter describes the physical and socioeconomic context of the focal landscape and explains the historical and political drivers of land-use change occurring in the area. While the country studies represent a diversity of forest types, levels of biodiversity, agricultural practices and market influence, the authors note that a common characteristic is that all seven landscapes “exemplify clear gradients of agricultural expansion and intensification.” Some of the land-use transitions described in the book include: moving from a cash cropping system to cocoa agroforestry regimes and a commercial oil palm system in Cameroon; transitioning from subsistence agriculture to a local market-oriented cash-cropping system and then to an extensive commercially-driven wheat arrangement in Ethiopia; and changing from a subsistence farming scenario (with high dependency of communities on forest products) into a rubber agroforestry and swidden agriculture system, which then transitions into a commercial oil palm system in Indonesia.



Read more: Here

Go back


WWF: Rainforest deforestation more than doubled under cover of coronavirus -DW

Tropical rainforests shrank by 6,500 square kilometers in March — an area seven times the size of Berlin. Criminal groups are taking advantage of the pandemic and the unemployed are getting desperate, the WWF said.

Read more …

Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park Monthly update April 2020

"At a time when many countries are beginning their gradual deconfinement and when there is a glimmer of hope on the horizon of returning to normal life, I wanted to share with you some good news that also fills us with hope for the future of the Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park."

Read more …

Resources and follow-up from the virtual FAO-EcoAgriculture Partners Roundtable

Last April 30th FAO and EcoAgriculture Partners organized a virtual Roundtable on Territorial Perspectives for Development, in which over 170 people participated.

Read more …

ATIBT -CBFP: Private Sector mobilized around the CBFP Facilitator of the Federal Republic of Germany

ATIBT co-facilitated the mobilization of the private sector of the timber sector to participate in the first meeting of the private sector college of Congo Basin Forest Partnership with the new facilitator Dr Christian Ruck and his team German Facilitation.

Read more …

Development and institutionalization of a PAFC certification system for the Congo basin: opening of the second public consultation on Sustainable Forest Management Certification Standard, 23 May 2020 - 22 June 2020

This second public consultation will be open for a period of 30 days from tomorrow Saturday the 23rd of May 2020 and will be closed on Monday the 22nd of June 2020. The public consultation is open to all stakeholders of forest management in the Congo Basin interested in participating to the PAFC Congo Basin certification standards development process.

Read more …

Forest defenders on the COVID-19 frontline stand ready to assist the global EU response – Fern

These efforts go hand in hand with ensuring continued responsible management of natural resources and preventing unsustainably and illegally sourced forest commodities. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, forest-monitoring organisations Observatoire de la Gouvernance Forestière (OGF) and Réseau des observateurs indépendants des ressources naturelles (RENOI) are set to carry out COVID awareness-raising in at-risk forest areas, and will also assess COVID’s impact on forest management and governance commitments under the Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI). Across the Congo Basin, fears that a proper lack of oversight may put forests and forest peoples in danger are looming despite emerging initiatives.

Read more …

22 May 2020 International Day for Biological Diversity

The theme of the 2020 International Day for Biological Diversity is “Our Solutions are in Nature”. It shows that "Biodiversity remains the answer to a number of sustainable development challenges that we all face. From nature-based solutions to climate, to food and water security, and sustainable livelihoods, biodiversity remains the basis for a sustainable future."

Read more …

CBFP News Archive


There are no news items for this period.