unfccc.int: Climate Change is Driving Debt for Developing Countries

 

 

UN Climate Change News, 3 July 2018 - Increased risk from vulnerability to climate change is increasing the cost of capital and is projected to cause an additional USD 168 billion of debt payments over the next ten years among the most climate change vulnerable countries, according to new research commissioned by the UN.

 

 

A new report compiled by the Centre for Climate Finance & Investment at Imperial College Business School and the SOAS University of London Department of Economics is the first of its kind to look at the relationship between climate change, sovereign credit profiles, and the cost of capital in developing countries.

 

 

The report finds that rapid climate change action to limit emissions to 2°C global average temperature warming above pre-Industrial Revolution levels and aim for 1.5 °C as agreed upon in the Paris Climate Agreement not only minimizes the impact of climate change, but reduces the future cost of climate change action and adaptation.

 

 

“Our work demonstrates that climate change is not only imposing economic and social costs on developing countries, but it is also amplifying existing risks that are already priced in fixed income markets. These impacts will grow”, said Charles Donovan Director of the Centre for Climate Finance and Investment at Imperial College Business School.

 

 

“The good news is that investments in climate adaptation can not only reduce social, ecological and economic harm, but can buffer against fiscal impairments. But to be effective, these investments need to be made now,” he added.

 

 

The research focused on the so-called “V20” group of countries, members of the Climate Vulnerability Forum which is a consortium of the 20 nations most vulnerable to climate change.

 

 

The report estimates that these countries have already paid an additional USD 40-62 billion in additional interest payments due to climate risk from floods, droughts, and severe weather events.

 

 

The USD 62 billion increase in payments so far is the equivalent of coastal protection dykes for 9,538km of coastline. This could cover the entire coastlines of Bangladesh, Barbados, Cambodia, Fiji, Haiti, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.

 

 

The study finds that borrowing for climate finance becomes more expensive over time if action is not taken quickly because the increased risk of investments from climate vulnerability causes debt repayments to increase over time.

 

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